This view shows the rolling locomotion of Synula between particles. The surface of each particle is covered with bacteria and algae. These biofilms offer a rich environment to protozoa and other small organisms.
Commentary by Prof. Yuji Tsukii, Hosei University A plate-like figure appearing right side of the video is
a colony of blue-green algae, Merismopedia.
One by one numerous diatoms approach a long chain of algae that is moving in a leisurely arc. Sometimes the diatoms snuggle against and push or poke the algae, but the algae chain continues its journey as if it doesnt care.
Commentary by Prof. Yuji Tsukii, Hosei University This blue-green alga belongs to genus Oscillatoria.
Diatoms are usually difficult to identify without observing their shell pattern using a scanning electron microscope or a high-resolution optical microscope. To do this, it is necessary to remove cell material from the shell through a chemical process.
Twelve cells are connected like a chain. They slowly begin their journey to another place despite the lack of any specialized moving apparatus. Where are they going and why?
Commentary by Prof. Yuji Tsukii, Hosei University This organism is definitely a blue-green alga belonging to the genus Oscillatoria.
Its classification into species is difficult because the genus Oscillatoria includes so many species. Using the Illustrated Book of Japanese Fresh-Water Algae (1977), there are two species that are most likely to match the one in this video. Both of them are made up of long chains of cells characterized by narrow “waists” where two cells connect, and round tips at both ends of the chain. The blue-green cells of one species, Oscillatoria iwanoffiana, are 5~9μ in width and have a pseudo-vacuole within each cell.
If the width of the trichome (chain of cells) and its inside view (whether cytoplasm is homogeneous or includes a pseudo-vacuole) are clearly observed, we may classify these organisms according to the above reference book. However, we cannot dismiss the possibility that new species have been identified since its publication is in 1977.
A long colony of light-green algal cells proceeds in a straight line. Numerous diatoms accompany the algae on its journey, playfully interacting with it, even attaching themselves and riding it like a conveyor belt. Some diatoms are also connected with each other in chains. Diatoms seem to benefit from these connections to move around from place to place.
Commentary by Prof. Yuji Tsukii, Hosei University The title of this video is incorrect.
This organism is not green algae but a blue-green algae named Oscillatoria.